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All You Need To Know About “Reverse Outlining”

Reverse Outlining
John Caius
July 02, 2018

What Is Reverse Outlining?

There is a possibility that there will remain some gaps in your reasoning when writing down any academic paper. Moreover, getting an idea about logical fluency and repetitive structure is also important for the students. A simple and powerful technique adapted to check a paper’s structure, logical fluency, and repetitive structure is reverse outlining. It also includes possible gaps in reasoning. In short, we can say that such an outline is devised to take a review of your work. With the help of this technique, you will be able to get a set of bullet points to get an idea about the structure and the content quality of your academic paper.

How To Create A Reverse Outline?

Creating this outline for a particular academic paper is different from the outline that you prepare for the process of writing an academic paper. The most important tips to create this outline are given below:

1.      A draft of your paper:

The only way to commence the process of preparing the reverse outlining is to prepare a complete draft for your academic paper. After creating a complete draft of your academic paper, you will be able to draw a full picture of the plan. You can also review the partial draft that you have made for the organization of all the paragraphs in your academic paper.

2.      Create an Outline:

In the second, you will have to construct an outline by creating a list of all the main points of a particular paragraph of an academic paper. This list should be prepared on blank paper.

3.      Create One Sentence Summaries:

The main point of a paragraph should be expressed in a one-sentence summary only.

4.      Number The Summaries:

After preparing these one-sentence summaries of all the paragraphs of your academic paper, you should try to provide numbers to these summaries based on these paragraphs. These numbers will act as a reference.

How To Use Reverse Outline?

It is helpful for us in many ways. With the help of this, it will be easy for us to get the answers to the following questions:

  • Does the main theme of each paragraph of an academic paper relate to the main theme or idea of an academic paper?
  • Is it possible for a reader to follow the order of your ideas in an academic paper fluently?
  • Is one idea repeating in more than one paragraph or not?
  • Are all the paragraphs of your academic paper moderate, too long or too short?


With the help of reverse outlining, you can also get an idea about whether your academic paper meets the exact aims and goals or not. You can also discover the places to expand your point of view with the help of reverse outlining. Moreover, it will also be helpful for the students to get and whether their academic paper is attractive and intriguing to the audience members or not. You can easily create a reverse outline of your paper and ensure that you meet all the requirements in no time. If you cannot prepare it, you can get help from the PhD dissertation writing services.

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